Injury to the eye may occur as a result of direct trauma, sudden environmental changes (low humidity, strong winds, heavy dust), glaucoma, systemic infections or inflammation, and/or a culmination of chronic symptoms. Breed disposition may increase the risk of various types of eye problems. Pugs, for example, have more protruding eyes and thus are more prone to direct trauma and/or proptosed globes. Cocker Spaniels may develop more corneal ulcers due to a higher tendency for "dry eye" (decrease or lack of tear production) in the breed.
- Swollen eyelid
- Cloudy eye (white, blue, dull yellow or red)
- Visible damage to the cornea, conjunctiva or the globe
- Bleeding or liquid discharge from the eye
- Squinting of one or both eyes
- Protruding globe (proptosed)
- Object in the conjunctiva, cornea or globe (may not be easily visible)
First Aid: Vision can quickly become compromised or lost. Transfer your pet to a veterinary facility as soon as possible. Do not let your pet rub or scratch the eye.
If the animal is unable to close the eyelids over the eye (as in a proptosed eye), coat the eye with a water-soluble gel (KY Jelly) until seen by a veterinarian.
- Do not let your pet put its head out of a moving vehicle.
- Protect your pets from high winds, especially in sandy conditions.
- Avoid walking your pets through high grasses and shrubs.
- Pets with very itchy skin (whether due to chronic allergies or an acute reaction) may rub vigorously along the ground, potentially irritating the eye. See your veterinarian if your pet demonstrates excessive itching.